Promenade Plantée inspired the successful High Line in New York and is also an inspiration for similar projects in other European cities
De High Line In New York is een park op een in de jaren tachtig in onbruik geraakte spoorviaduct. Bewoners kwamen in het geweer tegen een voorgenomen sloop. Inmiddels is omgetoverd in 2,2 km lang park dat zich op negen meter hoogte tussen de gebouwen door beweegt. JV
A green walkway was built on a former railway line. In the early 1980s, the Bastille station was demolished to make way for the Opéra Bastille. The construction of the green promenade began in 1988 and six years later the entire route was laid out. Along the route of approximately 5 kilometres from the city centre to the Périphérique, the line changes from elevated railway tracks to a tunnel to a railway zone at the ground level. Each of these locations was given its own green layout: a ‘classic’ park and promenade on the elevated tracks, with shops and galleries in the viaduct beneath; a walk between the tunnel walls with their original, ‘wild’ vegetation, still largely intact; to a brownfield and railway remnants at the end of the route. Promenade Plantée blew new life into the neighbourhoods it passes through, and closed façades were fitted with glass fronts. The walkway was renamed the Coulée verte René-Dumont in 2014. Due to its length, it is an important part of the ecological structure of this part of Paris. The project inspired several cities to start their own green transformations of disused railway lines, a famous example being the High Line in New York.
-PARIJS (FR) 1988–1997
-PATRICK BERGER, JACQUES VERGELY, PHILIPPE MATHIEUX
Because of higher electromagnetic radiation, there are no residential developments along high voltage routes. This provides opportunities for nature, such as the Rietveld Park in Nesselande in Rotterdam. The 2-kilometre route intersects with a residential neighbourhood with a lot of water, and separates it into an eastern and a western part. The buildings on both sides of the route give the area a spatial boundary. The park is laid out with islands, reeds (the park’s name refers to a plant species that is important to this park) and water bodies. A network of trails and bridges can be used for many different recreational activities. At the same time, it is a haven for urban nature. Because it was laid out as a park, the Rietveld Park does not actually separate both sides of Nesselande, but connects them instead. It is simultaneously an important ecological corridor that plays a role in the district’s sustainable water management.
A crinkle crankle wall is a winding masonry wall that used to be placed in orchards to protect the trees. The wall provides sheltered spots in the bends where wind-sensitive species and those that require a slightly higher temperature can thrive. At the southern edge of an industrial estate along the motorway, artist Krijn Giezen and landscape architect Roel Bakker laid out an enormous (300 metres long, 6 metres high and 3.5 metres thick) crinkle crankle wall in 1991, made from construction debris from the area and held together by steel nets. The wall serves as a noise barrier that protects the quiet pasturelands behind it, but because of the debris, it has ecological significance as well: plants grow on it and animals like to hide between the boulders.